>>> context weblog
sampling new cultural context
| home | site map | about context | donate | lang >>> español - català |
friday :: september 15, 2006
new source of light

The 2006 Millennium Technology Prize has been awarded to Shuji Nakamura. Professor Nakamura has developed a new, revolutionary source of light – bright-blue, green and white LEDs and a blue laser. The technology is used in several applications which improve the quality of human life.

“The lighting applications now made possible by his achievement can be compared with Thomas Edison’s invention of the incandescent lamp. In the course of time, energy-efficient light sources based on Shuji Nakamura’s innovation will undoubtedly become predominant,”says Pekka Tarjanne, Chairman of the International Selection committee.

Professor Nakamura is known for his technological wizardry with semiconducting gallium nitrides and is widely recognized as the world pioneer in light emitters based on the wide-bandgap semiconductor gallium nitride (GaN). Nakamura’s breakthrough year was 1993, when he stunned the optoelectronic community with the announcement of very bright blue GaN-based light emitting diodes, LEDs. >from *Millennium Technology Prize awarded to inventor of new source of light*. September 9, 2006

The efficiency of white LEDs that use blue LEDs will become higher, almost close to 100%. Then, all of the conventional lighting, such as incandescent bulbs, fluorescent lamps, and others, would be replaced with the white LEDs in order to save energy and resources. Also, these white LEDs would be operated by a battery powered by a solar cell in the daytime. So, it means that this lighting would be operated with clean energy thanks to its high efficiency and low voltage operation.

The high efficiency of blue LEDs and white LEDs would save significant energy and resources. The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that up to $98 billion USD in energy costs could be saved by 2020 if we switch to solid state lighting. Also, this would reduce the associated greenhouse gas emission, therefore it could reduce global warming effects dramatically. This would help all countries achieve reduced emissions in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. >from *ten questions to the winner*.

All of Nakamura's impressive innovations depend on the use of GaN semiconductors. Current research developments based on this material appear to herald a revolution in which gallium nitride will replace gallium arsenide as the semiconductor material of choice. Although gallium is common to both materials, it is the move from its combination with arsenic to a combination with nitrogen that is key. Unlike the former, the latter is an environmentally-friendly element.

But the benefits of his LEDs are not just restricted to high-tech gadgets and bringing light to the world. The blue LED's ultraviolet properties could also provide a cheap and efficient way to clean water or counter pollution.

related context
millennium technology prize 2004 awarded to inventor of world wide web.
> state of the world 2005. january 14, 2005
> nobel prize in physics 2000. 'to scientists and inventors whose work has laid the foundation of modern information and communication technology, particularly through their invention of rapid transistors, laser diodes, and integrated circuits (chips).' october 10, 2000

from edison to nakamura: the ultimate light source

sonic flow
solid state lighting [stream]
solid state lighting [download]

| permaLink

> context weblog archive
december 2006
november 2006
october 2006
september 2006
august 2006
july 2006
june 2006
may 2006
april 2006
march 2006
february 2006
january 2006
december 2005
november 2005
october 2005
september 2005
august 2005
july 2005
june 2005
may 2005
april 2005
march 2005
february 2005
january 2005
december 2004
november 2004
october 2004
september 2004
august 2004
july 2004
june 2004
may 2004
april 2004
march 2004
february 2004
january 2004
december 2003
november 2003
october 2003
june 2003
may 2003
april 2003
march 2003
february 2003
january 2003
december 2002
november 2002
october 2002
july 2002
june 2002
may 2002
april 2002
march 2002
february 2002
january 2002
countdown 2002
december 2001
november 2001
october 2001
september 2001
august 2001

more news in
> sitemap


context archives all www
   "active, informed citizen participation is the key to shaping the network society. a new 'public sphere' is required." seattle statement
| home | site map | about context | donate | lang >>> español - català |
03 http://straddle3.net/context/03/en/2006_09_15.html